The Moon

You will ask: Why is it like this? The answer is: Because no moon may rotate on its own axis, and this is because the attraction of the earth or of any planet would still be too powerfully at work in the range of its moon. Now, if the moon rotated on its own axis, and as slow as this rotation might be, such a rotation, to begin with, would enhance the attracting power of the planet in such a ratio that the rotation of the moon would be proportional to the rotation of the planet, that is: If the time of the moon’s rotation were to approximate the time of the earth’s rotation in such a way that it would rotate around its axis in about the same time as the planet, by virtue of this increasing gravitational attraction of the planet, soon one part after another would detach from the moon and fall to the earth. Such a slow rotation as the planet’s would not serve the moon well with regard to the proportional distribution of air, water and thus also fire, and all of this would still be as it is now, namely on the side that is opposite to the planet. For the water, the air and the fire must be driven around on a celestial body with relative speed through the protruding mountains; otherwise, by virtue of centrifugal force and their own fluid gravity, these elements so necessary for organic life would accumulate on the side opposite the central body. – The Moon, Chapter 1, Paragraph 5

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