Nature and Destiny of the Moon (1 May 1841)
[1.1] Now, as far as the moon is concerned, it is a solid world-body, even more than your earth, and is in a certain way a child of the earth, i.e. it is formed from the constituent parts of the earth.
[1.2] It is attached to the earth so that it catches the magnetic force flowing out from the earth and then returns it to the earth as needed, for which reason it's course around the earth is also just as extensive; for this always depends on the greater or lesser quantity of the magnetic presence on the earth; and on the contrary, however, also the course of the moon, as a carrier of this substance, depends on the possible need of the earth for this natural life-substance. This is the main function of the moon.
[1.3] If a planet is smaller than the earth, it does not need a moon, and the place of the moon is taken by very high mountains, which is the case, for example, with Venus, Mercury and Mars and some other much smaller planets; but what the larger planets are, they must be provided with one or also several moons in order to render the already known service to their planet.
[1.4] But also in the moon, as on the earth, there are humans and innumerable other creatures, only with the difference that no moon is inhabited firstly on the one and the same side which is constantly turned towards the planet, but always on the opposite side, because on the side turned towards the planet it is provided neither with air, nor water, nor fire together with everything necessary for organic life.
[1.5] You will ask: Why then? The answer: Because no moon may have a movement around it's own axis, and that because the attraction of the earth or at all of every planet in the distance of it's moon is still too powerful. If now the moon would have a rotation around it's own axis, and if this would be still so slow, then by such a rotation firstly the attracting force of the planet would be strengthened in the relation, in which relation the rotation of the moon would stand to the rotation of the planet, i.e. if the moon in it's rotation would approach the rotation of the earth in time, so that it would turn around it's axis approximately in the same time as the planet, then by virtue of the thereby growing attraction of the planet, one part after the other would soon detach itself from the moon and fall to the earth. But with such a slow rotation as the planet has, it would serve the moon very little with regard to the proportional distribution of air, water, and thus also of fire, and all this would still be as now, namely on the side opposite to the planet; for the water, the air, and the fire must be driven around on a world-body by a proportional speed through the protruding mountains; Otherwise these elements, so necessary for organic life, would accumulate on the side opposite to the central body by virtue of momentum and their own fluid gravity.
[1.6] But if this were the case, ask yourselves: Who could live on such a world-body? He would live only as long as he would be under the air- and water-layer; but if the planet would turn out of this, he would have to suffocate in the airless space, if he would not have first drowned under the water-layer.
[1.7] Now look, this would also be the case with the moon; if it had a rotation only as slow as the earth, it would have to have a five times faster rotation around it's axis, i.e. it would have to rotate five times around it's own axis in 24 earth hours, in order to distribute the air and the water and fire properly on it's surface, which would then result in nothing else than the complete destruction of the moon already after five years, and the earth would just be littered with moon particles; What effect the masses crashing from the moon onto the earth would produce, I don't have to tell you; but only say so much that nobody would remain alive.
[1.8] If you consider this a little intelligently, then you will understand well why the moon has no rotation, therefore also always have only one and the same side turned to the earth.
[1.9] But so that you can fully understand the moon and it's habitability, you must know that the moon is actually moon only on the side facing the planet; On the opposite side, however, it is not a moon, but a completely solid part of the earth, so what is the moon is not solid, but very loose, almost like a somewhat solid foam of the sea, whose firmer parts protrude like mountains, but the softer parts are sunken like niches and funnels toward the center of the whole world-body, in some of which there is atmospheric air that cannot yet escape, which, viewed through a strong telescope, looks almost as if it were water; All high points, as well as the less deep funnels have absolutely no atmospheric air, but only ether, as it is found in the free spaces between the sun and the planets. This side of the moon is therefore also inhabited by no organic being, but it's inhabitants are of a spiritual kind; these spiritual inhabitants were in the life of the body all world-addicts, and are now banished there for improvement, so that they can in this way still sufficiently fill themselves with the world; and when they then realize after considerable lengths of time that the worldly affair bears no fruit, and they lend an ear to the teachers sent there, then those who are willing to do so are immediately led from there to a higher, more blissful level of freedom; those who are less obedient, however, are again clothed with bodies on the earth of the moon, and there they have to get by very poorly and miserably; For now they have to struggle with the greatest cold and darkness; on the other hand, they also have to contend with an unbearable heat, for the night lasts almost 14 full earth days and the day, just as long; towards the end of each night, it becomes as cold there as on the earth at the north pole, and around the middle and towards the end of the day, it becomes so hot that no living being can endure it on the surface.
[1.10] These inhabitants, as well as all other organic beings, dwell in the earth; in this subterranean dwelling they have to spend more than half of the day, as well as more than half of the night; therefore there are no houses and cities there as with you, but the dwellings are in the depths of the earth, here and there also in mountain gorges and caves.
[1.11] There are no fruit-bearing trees there, but only root crops, such as potatoes, turnips, carrots and the like. These plants are planted at the beginning of the day and ripen completely at the end of the day; at the beginning of the night twilight, the people come out of their caves and harvest these fruits, and immediately bring them to their underground dwellings, where they then feed through the night time, as well as through the whole of the following day.
[1.12] Of the domestic animals, there is only one kind of earth-sheep to be seen, which is to these inhabitants what the racing animal is to the northerners.
[1.13] There are still in the rivers and lakes, which are quite common on the earth, a lot of aquatic animals, as well as some small species of birds, not unlike your sparrows, as well as whole armies of insects, and other l-, 2-, 3- and 4-footed terrestrial animals, whose purpose and more detailed description you will hear on another occasion; for now, enough has been said.
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